What the Heck is Cashmere Anyway? + 100% Cashmere Sweaters Under $100

What is cashmere made from - buttoned down cashmere sweater
best cashmere sweaters

What is cashmere made from?

The much-demanded cashmere wool can be traced back to that most luxurious of animals… the goat. Specifically, the chin hair of the Capra hircus or Kashmir goat. (Yes, Kashmir.) This domestic goat produces double-layered hair on its beard and underbelly that is shed and collected during the spring moulting season. This yield is then de-haired during a multi-week process that removes the long, coarse, and thick “guard hair,” leaving the soft and fine cashmere that is then used for elegant knitwear from sweaters and scarves to hats and hosiery.

Cashmere was originally sourced from goats in Indian Kashmir, Mongolia, and Nepal, but production has since expanded across Asia and even into Europe with China now producing 70% of the world’s cashmere.

So we spend all that money on goat beards? What?

Cashmere’s desirability comes from its almost self-contradictory benefits when compared to standard sheep’s wool. Cashmere is stronger yet finer and softer; it’s lighter weight yet far more insulating and warm.

Cashmere is also relatively scarce, and it takes a lot of it to make a little; Slate reported in 2012 that it takes more than two goats to make a single two-ply cashmere sweater. Combined with the fact that much of the labor-intensive process to separate the finer undercoat fibers from the coarser top coat must be done by hand, there is considerably little cashmere in the world and simple economics tells us that an item whose demand is far greater than its supply will come at a higher price.

If you find cashmere that’s priced too good to be true… then it’s likely fake. United States customs has strict parameters for actual cashmere, and any product labeled to contain cashmere must meet all four requirements, which include specifications regarding its dimensions but, first and foremost, it must be “the fine (dehaired) undercoat fibers produced by a cashmere goat (capra hircus laniger).”

You may encounter that initial internal struggle to justify a pricier investment in cashmere knitwear, especially in the face of cosmetically similar alternatives in wool or acrylic blends, but once you’ve felt cashmere against your skin, you understand the value of your investment.

So why bother?

  • It’s the fleece of the sweater world
  • Ever wear a regular sweater without a shirt underneath? Scratch central. Sounds terrible. But cashmere creates some of the softest sweaters.
  • Much like the trouble of buying a leather jacket – where real leather has incredible properties like looking and smelling great, aging beautifully etc. but the problem is the starting price is at least $300+ for a real one. Everything less than that is you trying to piece together a decent one. Cashmere is the same. Traditionally, cashmere is expensive – at least $100+.

Our Picks for Best Affordable Cashmere Sweater

Now that you're convinced that you for sure want a goat-beard sweater, where can you find an affordable one? Well it shouldn't surprise you that in an arms race of supply and demand, Amazon dominates. They offer a 100% cashmere sweater in 4 colors in both crew and v-neck for only $89, and in quarter zip and turtleneck for $99 – one of the best prices we've seen outside of clearances. (But most of those are cashmere blends.) I've had mine all winter long, and after a few months of wearing am happy to recommend it. It's a part of their closet essentials house line Buttoned Down that we've mentioned before.

Your other option is Everlane, the originator of the direct-to-consumer radical transparency business model. They offer a 100% cashmere sweater for $11 more at $100, the advantage Everlane has is they offer a few more patterns and colors.

Check out Buttoned Down's 100% cashmere sweaters here

or click here to check out Everlane's 100% cashmere sweater.

We first featured the Amazon cashmere in my Live Action Getup: What to Wear When You're Not Sure How Dressed Up to Be:

what is cashmere - men outfit inspiration denim jacket red wing iron ranger boots cashmere sweater olive chinos

Jacket: Levi's, $69 / Sweater: Amazon, $89 / Pants: Gap, $42 / Boots: Red Wing Iron Ranger, $319 [review] / Watch: Nixon, $73

men outfit nike killshots denim jacket cashmere sweater

Jacket: Levi's, $69 / Sweater: Amazon, $89 / Pants: Gap, $42 / Sneakers:  Nike Killshot 2 [out of stock, similar options] / Watch: Nixon, $73

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Andrew is the founder and editor of Primer. He's a graduate of American University and currently lives in Los Angeles. Read more about Primer on our About page. On Instagram: @andrewsnavely and @primermagazine.


  • Reply January 23, 2018

    Grawan piro

    Jamb runs 2018 and 2018 jamb cbt expo
    Thanks. Check my blog

  • Reply January 23, 2018

    Zac Silk

    I really like how Amazon’s fashion brands are taking some more risks. I’ve found a similar cashmere sweater in the U.K and I’m going to give it a try. It’s also great that I’ve got prime and can get it the next day. https://uploads.disquscdn.com/images/1713d70daa4c0960e051342d41b0d392ecbef3833db1061f989435321cf9c8d3.png

    • Reply January 23, 2018


      Awesome! I love the color, it’s going to go great with your night-out items you’ve shared.

      • Reply January 24, 2018

        Zac Silk

        Thanks Andrew, it also should look great with a dark denim jacket. Having that contrast as well.

      • Reply January 24, 2018

        Zac Silk

        Also, do you have any info on the herringbone scarf you wore in the last getup? I’m trying to find something similar.

  • Reply January 23, 2018

    Josh Hendon

    All my sweaters end up with stretched out cuffs. Is there anything I can do to bring them back into shape?

    • Reply January 23, 2018


      You can dip them in water and they’ll shrink back a little bit. What is your care process otherwise for them?

      • Reply January 24, 2018

        Josh Hendon

        Care process? I wear them so rarely the care process of them isn’t even a thought until the day I want to wear one.

  • Reply January 24, 2018


    That’s a really great look. I doubt that herringbone jacket will look as nice on me, but I’ll give it a try.

    I’ve seen cashmere sweaters at great prices at Uniqlo. Anyone have experience with them?

  • Reply February 9, 2018


    The issue for me is that you need to rest cashmere for 2-3 days before wearing again….aint nobody got time for that. Too much fuss imo

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