The Value of Reading Classic Literature + 4 Titles to Get You Started

Instead of going back to watch television classics like The Sopranos or Lost, consider doing something high-school you would never have done: reading a 100+ year old book.

Being a bit of an old-fashioned bibliophile in the 21st century is a unique and precarious position. The explosion of tech in support of digital publishing (readers, tablets, and electronic books) has made it easier than ever to delve into definitive literature at the drop of a hat. Interested in an important author that you never got around to reading in school? Google to find out his or her greatest hits, which you can then instantly download to your Kindle or iPad and start reading. Of course, that same model of digital instant gratification can make reading feel like an archaic art…and boring. Who has the patience to push through the epicness of a Russian novel when the entire series run of that addictive cable show is streaming online?

But what if you could learn something valuable from the classics of literature?  What if within the tomes of those ancient works lay lessons that are still valuable today?

It’s not exactly a crazy idea. Professor and author Mitchell Kalpakgia recently wrote The Virtues We Need Again: 21 Life Lessons from the Great Books of the West, about it. “Literature is rich in wisdom, offering ‘the best that has been thought and said’ in Matthew Arnold’s famous words,” Kalpakgai explains (If you’re wondering, he’s quoting a 19th century British poet). “The classics are a treasury of the world’s accumulated wisdom that counteract trendy ideas and modern ideologies,” says Kalpakgia, who later adds: “The human mind hungers for truth and needs the wisdom these books offer—wholesome food and powerful medicine that combat a multitude of problems.”

According to Kalpakgia, what makes a work of literature a “classic” is whether or not it “deals with a subject of universal importance” and can “portray the nature of things, the structure of reality, the enduring timeless truths that touch every person’s life.” He goes on to cite how The Odyssey illustrates that family is the center of civilization and Pride and Prejudice demonstrates the importance of marrying someone for the right reasons. But it’s not just a book’s subject matter that qualifies it as “great” or “timeless” — there’s also its effect on the reader. “A classic always makes a person reflect on the difference between the way things are and the way things ought to be,” says Kalpakgia. “They enlarge the consciousness.”

Conscious-enlarging or not, can picking up a book from the fiction that was written hundreds of years ago really give you more valuable life lessons than the latest bestselling pop-psychology book shelved in self-help?

Kalpakgia thinks so. For him, self-improvement books may give readers solid advice and explain things through do’s and don’ts, but they don’t engross the reader like the classics. “Self-improvement books do not make a person love, admire, and wonder at the beauty of goodness or feel hate and disgust at the ugliness of evil,” says Kalpakgia. “They do not engage the heart, soul, or imagination.” Meanwhile, he points out, a classic like Little Womenshowcases the goodness of marriage and the beauty of family or another like Paradise Lost reveals the wretchedness and sadness of evil.

So if you’re ready to get reading, don’t expect any advice on a strategy for the best way to get the most from your text  — at least from Kalpakgia. “There are no magical formulas or simplified techniques,” he says. Instead, reading a classic should be done leisurely to fully experience the book’s depth and range.” Though Kalpakgia does advise against cracking open any books with the pre-conception that they’re old-fashioned or outdated “The reader of a classic should bring some humility to the book,” he explains. “Why has this book endured and passed the test of time, the most difficult test of all?” According to Kalpakgia, the reader should try to find the characteristics that have helped the book become a classic over its entertainment value.

Of course, at the end of the day you’re still going to have to choose to read a classic piece of literature over watching a full season’s worth of edgy cable drama in one sitting. “Just as there is great art, great music, and great architecture that evokes wonder and enlarges the mind,” explains Kalpakgia “the classics too possess the power to reach the depths of the mind, heart, and soul in a way that films and media can never penetrate.”

Sounds appealing to us.

Professor Kalpakgia's Recommended Reads With Lessons

The Book: The Iliad by Homer

The lesson: “No matter how great the tragedy, life goes on.”

Read it:

The Book: Pride and Prejudice by Jane Austen

The lesson: “A happy marriage offers the greatest source of human contentment in this life.”

Read it:

The Book: Hard Times by Charles Dickens

The lesson: “Play and fun are more important than work and money.”

Read it:

The Book: Paradiso by Dante

The lesson: “Love in its inexhaustible, overflowing, outpouring energy has no boundaries or limits as it continuously receives love from its divine source to give it freely only to receive more to give more in the endless exchanges of loving and being loved.”

Read it:

Dave Odegard is a freelance writer and editor. He lives with his dog in Brooklyn, where he trains for marathons when not spending way too much time on the Internet. You can stalk him at


  • Reply January 27, 2013

    Vincent Nguyen

    I don’t know, I’ve never been much of a fiction reader. Perhaps I just don’t have the mind for it but I just can’t. I think school has conditioned me to associate reading fiction with negative feelings so I avoid it. Truthfully, I find non-fiction books much more valuable for myself. I do see the worth in the classics though, but it’s just not for me. I get my life lessons from the likes of Dale Carnegie and others who touch upon “practical” advice.

  • Reply January 28, 2013

    Arno Mayer

    Homer needs to be studied and so it’s a bad recommendation for those who just want to get started.

    Homer is *not* for beginners. Don’t just read any translation. If you really want to, get yourself an edition with comments, better even, a book to explain the book. Greek mythology is great so, but better start with “short stories”…

    Same holds true for Dante. *Not* for beginners, you won’t understand it and therefore not enjoy it.

    Dickens and Austen is fine though, American readers should be able to relate to the cultural background easily enough.

  • Reply January 28, 2013

    Daniel Ballou

    Excited to say I’ve read all of the suggestions except Hard Times by Charles Dickens. 75% is a solid C.

  • Reply January 28, 2013

    Ryan Santa Ana

    Reading short stories can be the gateway drug into novels. I recently received The Nick Adams Stories by Hemingway.

  • Reply January 28, 2013


    Great article.  I whole-heartily agree, after recently finishing Ayn Rand’s ‘ATLAS SHRUGGED,’ it left me with a totally new perspective on the human consciousness and mind.  It was the first classic I had read in a long time and it has kick-started me into discovering more timeless works of mankind.

    • Reply February 4, 2013


      Atlas Shrugged is not a classic or timeless. 

    • Reply February 8, 2013



    • Reply August 1, 2015


      Ayn Rand was rather phoney! There sre many misguiding concepts in her work!

  • […] can read all about it in my post The Value of Reading Classic Literature over at Primer. Like this:Like […]

  • Reply March 21, 2013


    I enjoyed the article and most of the comments. It would be nice, however, if one could read the comments and not meet the ubiquitous, pretentious ass.

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